Genetics exposes yet again, what has been known for some time now. That the Aryan invasion/migration theory is at best a questionable hypothesis and at worst a consummate mendacity. In the past, an article was published in this blog which emphatically proved that modern genetics goes against the colonial concoction of the Aryan invasion theory and its later euphemistic version the Aryan migration theory. Recently, Open Magazine carried a series of articles exploring the genetic origins of Indians, where results and inferences presented refute the Aryan invasion/migration theory.
To get a clearer picture of our origins, Open sent DNA samples of a couple of celebrities, John Abraham and Baichung Bhutia, alongwith those of four magazine staffers to the National Geographic Deep Ancestry Project. Based on the genetic markers thus identified and other research conducted by scientists, we present a plausible map of our origins.
To interprete and present their results they collaborated with Ramasamy Pitchappan, principal investigator, India, of the National Geographic Project (NGP), and a leading Indian geneticist, RNK Bamezai, director of the National Centre of Applied Human Genetics (NCAHG) at Jawaharlal Nehru University and vice-chancellor of Jammu University.
Excerpts from the results are provided here. Emphasis added.
In fact, much of the genetic evidence seems to suggest a South Asian origin for the F haplogroup. This haplogroup and its lines of descent account for perhaps 90 per cent of the male population in the world. Contrary to received wisdom, this would imply that much of the globe outside Africa was settled by outward migrations from South Asia dating back to over 50,000 years ago. Certainly, the distant origins of the modern European population seem to lie in South Asia, emphasising the crucial importance of this region in understanding the peopling of the globe.
…the antiquity of both the L and H haplogroups in India suggests that a majority of the Indian male population can trace its presence in the Subcontinent back at least 20,000 years if not earlier.
Geneticist Bamezai says,
…I feel R1a1 originated here and contributed to Central Asia rather than the other way around.
A research paper published by Bamezai, et. al in the Journal of Human Genetics in 2009, further says,
Many major rival models of the origin of the Hindu caste system co-exist despite extensive studies, each with associated genetic evidences. One of the major factors that has still kept the origin of the Indian caste system obscure is the unresolved question of the origin of Y-haplogroup R1a1, at times associated with a male-mediated major genetic influx from Central Asia or Eurasia, which has contributed to the higher castes in India. Y-haplogroup R1a1 has a widespread distribution and high frequency across Eurasia, Central Asia and the Indian subcontinent… To resolve these issues, we screened 621 Y-chromosomes (of Brahmins occupying the upper-most caste position and schedule castes/tribals occupying the lower-most positions)… for conclusions. A peculiar observation of the highest frequency (up to 72.22%) of Y-haplogroup R1a1 in Brahmins hinted at its presence as a founder lineage for this caste group. Further, observation of R1a1 in different tribal population groups, existence of Y-haplogroup R1a in ancestors, and extended phylogenetic analyses of the pooled dataset of 530 Indians, 224 Pakistanis and 276 Central Asians and Eurasians bearing the R1a1 haplogroup supported the autochthonous [indigenous] origin of R1a1 lineage in India and a tribal link to Indian Brahmins.
Interestingly, Bamazai, et. al. 2009 agrees with the authors of Reich, et. al. 2009 who have said that as per genetic studies, castes grew directly out of tribe-like organizations during the formation of the Indian society. Reich at. al 2009 further say that current Indian society is an admixture of groups of human settlement in the Indian sub-continent which can be traced back from 65,000 to 40,000 years.
The Open Magazine genetics tests results further state,
…the evidence suggests is that the origins of Hartosh’s R1a1 haplogroup lie in India. Thus, a large part of Central Asia, Southern Russia, Ukraine onwards to the Czech Republic may well be populated by a 15,000-year-old migration from India.
…the proportion of R1a1 in some Brahmin groups such as those of West Bengal is as high as 72 per cent. This indicates that the origins of Brahmins as a caste may well lie in the R1a1 haplogroup. But since the antiquity of the Ra1a haplogroup in tribals such as Central India’s Sahariyas is older than it is among Brahmins, it is reasonable to believe that Brahmins may not be entrants from outside but may have originated as a caste from the tribal population of this country.
The results of the Haplogroup R1A1 tests and the analysis of geneticists further reinforce the completely autochthonous origin and antiquity of the Indian population.
The diversity and antiquity of Haplogroup R1a1 in India suggests its origins lie in South Asia. The haplogroup has been found in substantial numbers among some tribes such as the Sahariyas of Central India and the Chenchus of Andhra where its age seems to be well over 15,000 years. This allows for just one possibility, a migration out of India to Southern Russia onward to the Czech Republic and even Scandinavia.
In summary, the crux of the resuts and analysis point to
- the origins of Indian subcontinental population being autochthonous, i.e., in the Indian subcontinent itself.
- the antiquity of Indian subcontinental population going back to around 50,000 years, and perhaps even more.
- Indian subcontinent being the origin of most of the current non-African population of the world.
- migration of population from Indian subcontinent to Central Asia, Southern Russia, etc.
These results are in agreement with the prevalent genetics research and inferences of geneticists previously presented in this blog. In the face of incontrovertible archeological evidence contrary to any Aryan invasion, many “scholars” have moved to a euphemistic Aryan migration theory. In fact some even propound a ridiculous Aryan trickle-in theory. However, as genetics research of the last few years have shown, the migration that could have occurred is a migration out of the Indian subcontinent.
With genetics research only getting better and more cutting age, it is a matter of time before the Aryan invasion-turned-migration-turning-trickle-in theory is consigned to the funereal pyre of mendacious tripe. So far this theory has been kept alive only through the efforts of the Marxist history engineers of India and their Eurocentric associates in the west. The Indian Marxist history engineers have colored textbooks with their ideological biases to propound the Aryan invasion/migration theory for decades. Even though there exists no historical or archeological evidence for any invasion or migration of so-called Aryans into the Indian subcontinent. With genetics research vindicating this truth, one hopes, sooner rather than later, textbooks will be cleansed of Marxist-Eurocentric ideological tripe and Indian history is freed from the clutches of the professional Aryanists.
 ^ (tattvaanveShaNam. “Exploring the Aryan Myth”. June 15, 2010)
 ^ using results of genetics research and inferences, observations of geneticists.
 ^ (tattvaanveShaNam. “Genetics and the Aryan myth”. June 15, 2010)
 ^ (Bal. The Story of Our Origins. May 28, 2011)
 ^ (“The Science of DNA Testing”. Open Magazine. May 28, 2011)
 ^ (“Haplogroup M”. Open Magazine. May 28, 2011)
 ^ (“Haplogroup H”. Open Magazine. May 28, 2011)
 ^ (“Haplogroup L”. Open Magazine. May 28, 2011)
 ^ (“Haplogroup R1A1”. Open Magazine. May 28, 2011)
 ^ (“Haplogroup D”. Open Magazine. May 28, 2011)
 ^ (Reich et al. Print. 2009)
 ^ (Times News Network. Aryan-Dravidian divide a myth: Study. Sep 25, 2009)
 ^ (“Haplogroup R1A1”. Open Magazine. May 28, 2011)
 ^ (tattvaanveShaNam. “Genetics and the Aryan debate”. June 15, 2010)
Bal, Hartosh Singh. May 28, 2011. “The Story of Our Origins.” Open Magazine. http://www.openthemagazine.com/article/living/the-story-of-our-origins (Accessed May 29, 2011).
“Haplogroup D.” May 28, 2011. Open Magazine. http://www.openthemagazine.com/article/living/haplogroup-d (Accessed May 29, 2011).
“Haplogroup H.” May 28, 2011. Open Magazine. http://www.openthemagazine.com/article/living/haplogroup-h (Accessed May 29, 2011).
“Haplogroup L.” May 28, 2011. Open Magazine. http://www.openthemagazine.com/article/living/haplogroup-l (Accessed May 29, 2011).
“Haplogroup M.” May 28, 2011. Open Magazine. http://www.openthemagazine.com/article/living/haplogroup-m (Accessed May 29, 2011).
“Haplogroup R1A1.” May 28, 2011. Open Magazine. http://www.openthemagazine.com/article/living/haplogroup-r1a1 (Accessed May 29, 2011).
Reich, David et al. print. “Reconstructing Indian population history.” Nature 461(7263): 489-494. http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/nature08365.
tattvaanveShaNam. June 15, 2010. “Genetics and the Aryan debate.” http://www.tattvaanveshanam.org/2010/06/15/genetics-and-the-aryan-myth/ (Accessed June 20, 2010).
tattvaanveShaNam. June 15, 2010. “Exploring the Aryan myth.” http://www.tattvaanveshanam.org/2010/06/15/exploring-the-aryan-myth/ (Accessed June 20, 2010).
“The Science of DNA Testing.” 2011. Open Magazine. http://www.openthemagazine.com/article/living/the-science-of-dna-testing (Accessed May 29, 2011).
Times News Network. Sep 25, 2009. “Aryan-Dravidian divide a myth: Study.” The Times of India. http://articles.timesofindia.indiatimes.com/2009-09-25/india/28107253_1_incidence-of-genetic-diseases-indians-tribes (Accessed September 26, 2009).