Raju Narisetti, in LiveMint blogs, writes on Upinder Singh’s book on Indian history. Emphasis added.
In August 2008, it was the turn of another daughter, Upinder Singh, to come out with her sixth book, A History of Ancient and Early Medieval India: From the Stone Age to the 12th Century, a 704-page, rich, thankfully non-Marxist (read Romila Thapar) reinterpretation from a liberal historian of India’s rich history, available at a rather capitalist price of about $87 a copy.
In this context, following comment was made by shrI Anand Kumar under the said blog post. Emphasis added.
From Anand Kumar (email comment) September 22, 2008 9:49 AM
You use the term “non-Marxist reinterpretation” as though Marxists have interpreted history. Marxists do not interpret history. They unquestioningly follow a doctrine. A nonsensical doctrine. While they are loud and are quick to label their critics with names, it is really surprising that the details of their version of history has not been discussed in public.
According to the Marxists, the entire history of every society is a history of class struggles. That is not all. The history of every country has exactly six stages, the first three punctuated by revolutions. The first three stages are primitive socialism, feudalism and capitalism. Wait! It gets even more interesting here because they also predict the future history of every country. After the coming revolution, we’ll have socialism followed by communism followed by the withering away of the state. And who better than the Marxists themselves to usher in the era of Communism.
This progression of history is true of India, United States, Nigeria, Papua New Guinea or whatever society you name. Of course, after primitive socialism came a revolution (class struggle) and the next stage (feudalism) was ushered in. After feudalism came another revolution and then came capitalism. Of course, China is proof that they had to follow these steps. They tried to bypass socialism and took a “great leap forward” in communism and failed.
You can see the above doctrine in the works of Romila Thapar too. She casually mentions that the existence of some structures proved that there was a large degree of cooperation among people. In other places, she mentions that the structures showed city planning by a central authority. What she really tries to do is to place the time of some excavated buildings in either the first or the second phase. Anyway, coming back to the story, the second phase was followed by capitalism.
The Indian Marxists encountered a minor problem though. Marx and Engels had both agreed in their correspondence that the Mohammedan Revolution had destroyed the trade in southern Arabia or whatever part of the desert they sold their wares. So Islam could not be criticized. Now this was a real dilemma. Enter DD Kosambi, the father of Indian Marxist historians. He pulled a term from Stalin (“revolution from above”) and rephrased it and proclaimed that feudalism had two sub-stages – in the first sub-stage, it was feudalism from above, in the second, it was feudalism from below and hence the Islamic rulers were not practitioners of feudalism! Voila! Problem solved! The next stage was of course capitalism brought about by the colonialists.
Notice that in this version of history, anyone who is proud of his or her heritage will necessarily have to confront the Marxist version of history which considers such heritage as feudalistic.
In neighboring Nepal, Prachanda has taken this folly to an extreme. He has declared that he will encourage businesses, because, hold your breath, Karl Marx had decreed that there will be a capitalist stage between the feudalistic and socialist stages! I am not joking. Check this out – http://www.hindu.com/holnus/001200805181863.htm – “Our fight is against feudalism, not against capitalism,” he clarified. In between the feudal stage and socialist stage there will be capitalist stage, he said, adding he will follow mixed economic model and encourage creation of wealth through the means of capitalism. So watch out for the next revolution that he will wage against himself! The Nepal Maoists have credited JNU (a.k.a. Kremlin on the Yamuna) for teaching them their politics.
Here is other stuff that Marxist “scholars” have indulged in.
Marxists cut open the head of Lenin looking for the source of his genius and famously declared that they had located it in his oversized pyramidal cells.
In USSR, they banned the field of genetics because it was inconsistent with “dialectical materialism.” Same with probability theory. Famous probability theorists like Kolmogorov and Gnedenko were persecuted for pursuing a field that was not consistent with dialectical materialism. Quantum Mechanics escaped this fate after the Marxists were told there would be no atom bomb without this field. Both Marx and Engels have criticized the field of mathematics and Marx even called mathematicians as chimerical.
And we are supposed to believe that Romila Thapar and Co. are “intellectuals” and “scholars?” Sure! Why not? And why not teach all the above “history” as credible stuff in schools and colleges and extol those who ban genetics and the theory of probability? They must be for the common good that will help the coming revolution.
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